The Invention of Hookah (Shisha, Narghile) «Passive Smoking» through Repeated Scientific Misconduct and Fraud. Lebanon & Syria
Communiqué (Mar 26, 2008):
The Invention of Hookah (Shisha, Narghile) « Passive Smoking » through Repeated Scientific Misconduct and Fraud (A Necessary Step for the Tobacco-Free Earth Geo-Political Agenda)
SUBJECT: comment on a "study" by the joint US-Syrian Center for Tobacco Studies (chief investigators: Wasim MAZIAK, Kenneth WARD and Thomas EISSENBERG) published in Nicotine and Tobacco Research, a journal supposed to be “peer-reviewed”...
See most recent case: The “Nicotine and Tobacco Research” Journal Endorses a Scientific Error as Big and Carcinogenic as a Yemeni Narghile Bowl !
“Second-hand smoke from waterpipes […] poses a serious risk for non-smokers (8)”
[(8) Maziak W, Ward KD, Afifi Soweid RA, Eissenberg T. Tobacco smoking using a waterpipe: a re-emerging strain in a global epidemic. Tobacco Control 2004; 13: 327-333]
> SOURCE: The WHO Erroneous report on ““waterpipe”” tobacco smoking”
« Fî qahwé ‘a-l-mafraq ; Fî mawqidé u fî nâr ; Nebqâ ’enê w-hebîby ; Nefreshhâ b-’el-’asrâr... »
[There is a coffee-house there by the crossroad, with a brazier and some fire. I used to stay there with my love, carpetting its walls with secrets]
> Lebanese singer FEYROUZ (cited in doct. thesis on narghile, footnote 511)
-Hookah produces NO side-stream smoke
- Hookah smoke is 13.2 times LESS concentrated in CO (Carbon Monoxide) than cigarette smoke
- Hookah smoke is 6.4 times LESS concentrated in PM10 particles than cigarette smoke
- Hookah smoke is 3.5 times LESS concentrated in PM2.5 particles than cigarette smoke
- Hookah smoke 2.8 times LESS concentrated in ultra-fine particles than cigarette smoke
- CO in non-smokers exposed to hookah smoke does not change before and after a hookah session
- the first victim of “passive smoking” is the smoker her/him/self, not the non-smoker
CONCLUSION: Hookah “passive smoking” (ETS: Environmental Tobacco Smoke) is a scientific Fraud
IMPORTANT NOTE (added 28 March 2008) about another HUGE FRAUD: The cigarette used in the laboratory experiment was not an "ordinary" one but a Gauloise Light, said by the ETS "experts" to be "the most common cigarette used by study subjects"… (sic)
Since ventilation holes in light cigarettes DECREASE UP TO 10 TIMES PARTICLE CONCENTRATION, ALL the above related figures should be multiplied by 10 !
"Second-hand tobacco smoke (SHS) refers to the smoke from burning tobacco products, generated by people smoking them." [SOURCE: WHO (World Health Organization) Report: Smoke-Free Inside. World No-Tobacco Day 2007 (page 3)]
Since the smoking product in the hookah bowl does NOT BURN but is only heated (below 200°C) , these studies are, to start with, in blatant contradiction with WHO’s definitions…
CALL: Syrian, Lebanese and all peoples of the world, unite against public health foreign interventions based on pseudo-science !
YOU ARE NOT ON THE HOME PAGE of the OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH and HEALTH (Narghile, "Waterpipe"™, Health, Risks, Dangers, Diseases, Tar, Nicotine, Cancer). CLICK HERE to go there !